The LCRCA may exercise such functions of the Constituent Councils as are exercisable for the purpose of economic development and regeneration in reliance on the general power of competence (under section 1 of the Localism Act 2011).

Under the Order, the LCRCA has a power to encourage visitors to its area (under section 144 of the Local Government Act 1972), and a duty to consider housing need with respect to the provision of housing (under section 8 of the Housing Act 1985).

The Amendment Order:

  • Confers on the Combined Authority functions in relation to housing and regeneration which are exercised concurrently with the Homes and Communities Agency (under section 5 to 12 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008), and powers to acquire or appropriate land for planning and public purposes (under section 226 and other provisions of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990)
  • Provides that the Combined Authority is to have in relation to its area functions corresponding to the functions that the Mayor of London has in relation to mayoral development areas and mayoral development corporations (under section 197 and other provisions of the Localism Act 2011)
  • Provides that any designation of a mayoral development area by the Combined Authority requires the consent of a member of the Combined Authority who is an elected member of a Constituent Council whose council area contains any part of the area to be designated as a mayoral development area.
Other powers

The LCRCA has certain powers direct from primary legislation, for example in relation to bus services (such bus franchising powers under the Transport Act 2000 as amended by the Bus Services Act 2017).

Decision making

The constitution

Each of the Constituent Councils may nominate one of its members to be a member of the LCRCA, and the Local Enterprise Partnership may also nominate one of its members to be the same (see Schedule 1 to the Order).

No meeting of the LCRCA shall be quorate unless at least four members appointed by the Constituent Councils are present. Each member has one vote, and no member has a casting vote. If a vote is tied on any matter, the matter is deemed not to have been carried. Certain matters require a unanimous vote in favour by all members appointed by the Constituent Councils, including such matters as the LCRCA may determine and set out in its standing orders (see Schedule 1 to the Order).

The amount of any levy to be issued to the Constituent Councils must be decided by a majority of the members appointed by the Constituent Councils who are present and voting (see Schedule 1 to the Order).

Powers of the Mayor

The Amendment Order's Article 19 specifies the powers that are exercisable only by the LCR Mayor, for instance in relation to local transport plans and compulsory acquisition, subject to certain consents required from the LCRCA's constituent council member for the relevant local area.

Combined Authorities